Medical information you can trust

Home Diseases & Disorders Medications Parenting & Pregnancy Medical Dictionary
 Talk Medical > Diseases & Disorders > Cervical Polyp Symptoms, Cervical Polyp Treatments

Newsletter

Subscribe to the free monthly health digest.

Relevant health articles just for you.



 

Cervical Polyp


A cervical polyp is a small growth on or near the surface of the cervix. The cervix is the opening between the vagina and the uterus. Cervical polyps are usually benign, or noncancerous, and rarely cause symptoms.

What is going on in the body?

Cervical polyps are formed when a group of cells, such as blood vessels within the cervix, form an abnormal growth. Cervical polyps are relatively common. They are seen more often in women over 20 years of age who have given birth to many children. They are rare before puberty and after menopause.

Most cervical polyps are benign, but all should be removed and examined with a microscope. Malignant changes may occur, and cancer of the cervix may first be seen as a large polyp. The chance of malignant change in a cervical polyp is less than 1%.

What are the signs and symptoms of the condition?

Many cervical polyps do not cause symptoms. They are found by chance during a routine pelvic exam. Cervical polyps may cause vague symptoms such as the following: · vaginal spotting or bleeding after intercourse · vaginal bleeding after douching · vaginal bleeding after exercise · vaginal bleeding in a woman who is in post menopause · abnormally heavy menstrual periods · pinkish or yellow vaginal discharge

What are the causes and risks of the condition?

It is not known what causes cervical polyps. Their growth may be aided by estrogen, a female hormone, or by chronic cervical infection, known as cervicitis. Such chronic inflammation creates more blood vessels within the cervix, which may eventually form a cervical polyp.

What can be done to prevent the condition?

Little can be done to prevent cervical polyps. Routine pelvic exams may decrease the risk of cancer of the cervix developing from the polyp.

How is the condition diagnosed?

Many cervical polyps do not cause symptoms and are found by chance during a routine pelvic examination that includes a Pap smear . During a pelvic exam, the cervix, vagina, and vulva are checked for signs of changes. To do a Pap smear, a healthcare provider uses a small spatula and a brush to gently scrape cells from the cervix. These cells are sent to a lab for testing.

What are the long-term effects of the condition?

Since 99% of polyps are benign, there are no serious long-term problems. Vaginal bleeding patterns may be unpredictable. There is a less than 1% risk that cervical polyps may become cancerous.

What are the risks to others?

 

A cervical polyp is not contagious and does not pose a risk to others. However, sexually transmitted diseases associated with cervical polyps, such as chlamydia and human papilloma virus, are contagious.

What are the treatments for the condition?

A cervical polyp can be removed with a simple procedure in the healthcare provider's office. The provider gently twists the stalk of the polyp and removes it. Removal of a polyp is called a polypectomy. Other methods include tying the base of the polyp to minimize bleeding.

Larger polyps with a thick stalk may be removed using electrical current, a procedure known as LEEP. Larger polyps may also be vaporized with laser surgery.

What are the side effects of the treatments?

Removal of the polyp usually produces minimal cramping and bleeding. Following are side effects of laser surgery and LEEP: · foul-smelling vaginal discharge ·  cervicitis, which is inflammation of the cervix · bleeding ·  allergic reactions to the local anesthesia

What happens after treatment for the condition?

Women who have an abnormal PAP smear accompanied by a cervical polyp will need close follow-up with pelvic exams and PAP smears. Cervical polyps may recur if the stalk was not completely removed.

How is the condition monitored?

Routine pelvic exams are done to check for any recurrence of the cervical polyp. Any new or worsening symptoms should be reported to the healthcare provider.


Related to Cervical Polyp

Incomplete Miscarriage Symptoms
A miscarriage occurs when a pregnant woman's womb expels the fetal tissue before the infant is fully-grown. This may result from natural causes within the first 20 weeks of pregnancy. In an incomplete...

Contact Dermatitis Symptoms
Contact dermatitis is a bumpy patch of red, itchy, flaky skin. It occurs when someone has an allergic reaction after coming into contact with something that irritates his or her skin. The substance is...

Marfan Syndrome Symptoms
Marfan syndrome is an inherited disorder of the connective tissue in the body. It affects mainly the muscles, bones, eyes, and heart. It occurs in about 1 out of every 10,000 people. What is going...

Deep Venous Thrombosis Symptoms
Deep venous thrombosis, also called DVT, refers to a blood clot that has formed in one of the large veins far below the skin. What is going on in the body? A deep venous thrombosis is most common A...

Salpingitis Treatments
Salpingitis is an inflammation of the fallopian tubes, which are long, thin ducts that connect the uterus to the ovaries. What is going on in the body? Usually a woman has two fallopian tubes. is...


Talk about Cervical Polyp

Print Diseases and Disorders

 


About Talk Medical · Help · Contact Us · Link to Talk Medical
Talk Medical Copyright © 2011 Talk Medical. All rights reserved. Terms and Conditions. Privacy Policy.